San Francisco is the cultural and commercial hub of Northern California. Located in San Francisco County, the city is the fourth most populated in the state. San Francisco is home to a little bit of everything. From the Bay to the city, there are endless activities and places to explore.
Sadly, there has been an increase in drug-related overdose deaths in San Francisco since 2018, which can be attributed to a rise in fentanyl overdose.
Substance Abuse in San Francisco & San Francisco County, California
Deaths due to drug overdose tend to be concentrated in the Tenderloin, South of Market, and Mission neighborhoods of San Francisco. The most abused substances in San Francisco are:
In 2018, there was a noted increase in overdose deaths related to opioids, cocaine, and methamphetamines. This increase was driven mainly by fentanyl and related substances, often in combination with cocaine or meth.
Polydrug Use in San Francisco
Polydrug, or polysubstance abuse, is when someone abuses more than one drug at a time. This was the leading cause of overdose in San Francisco in the last few years.
Overall, opioid, cocaine, and methamphetamine overdose rates in San Francisco had remained relatively consistent since 2006. In 2018, there was an apparent increase in overdoses due to fentanyl–an extremely potent opioid.
There were a total of 259 overdose deaths caused by an opioid, cocaine, or methamphetamine. About 68 percent of these deaths involved three main subgroups of opioids:
- heroin (23 percent)
- prescription opioids (27 percent)
- fentanyl (34 percent)
The remaining deaths were due to cocaine/crack (39 percent) and methamphetamine (49 percent). However, the number of overdose deaths due to cocaine or methamphetamine without opioids remained the same since 2015.
Why the Increase in Overdoses?
The increase in deaths in recent years is due to fentanyl-laced drugs mostly obtained on the street. Fentanyl can be 50 to 100 times more potent than morphine and is extremely dangerous when combined with other substances.
Opioid overdose deaths were most likely amongst people between 40 and 59 years old. Black males were twice as likely to experience an opioid-related overdose. Overdosing on opioids was also three to four times more likely to happen to men compared to women.
Prescription Opioid Abuse in San Francisco
Prescription opioids include:
While the rate of overdose deaths due to prescription opioids has declined since 2010 and the number of substance use disorders treatment admissions declined since 2014. In contrast, there were increases in emergency room visits and hospitalizations involving prescription opioids from 2015 to 2017.
Of the 70 overdose deaths caused by prescription opioids in 2018:
- 23 percent were only due to prescription opioids
- 27 percent involved cocaine
- 33 percent involved methamphetamine
- 13 percent involved heroin
- 17 percent involved benzodiazepines
The number of deaths due to heroin abuse in San Francisco has slowly increased since 2010. Emergency room visits, hospitalizations, and seizures of heroin by law enforcement have also increased.
Of the 60 overdoses caused by heroin:
- 23 percent were solely due to heroin
- 50 percent involved cocaine
- 45 percent involved meth
- 23 percent involved fentanyl
- five percent involved benzodiazepines
Fentanyl abuse has increased substantially in San Francisco over the last year. The rate of fentanyl-related overdoses began rising in 2016.
Of the 89 overdose deaths caused by fentanyl:
- 18 percent were exclusively due to fentanyl
- 39 percent involved cocaine
- 47 percent inclusive meth
- 16 percent involved heroin
Cocaine & Crack Abuse
The overdose death rate related to strictly cocaine/crack in the San Francisco area has been on a decline since 2006.
Of the 101 overdose deaths reported in 2018:
- 10 percent were exclusively due to cocaine
- 66 percent involved opioids (35 percent fentanyl)
- 31 percent involved meth
Cocaine overdoses are most likely to happen among people 40 to 59 years of age. It was also noted that cocaine overdose deaths were more likely among black males.
Methamphetamine Use in San Francisco
The overdose rate for methamphetamines has steadily increased since 2009. Of the 126 overdose deaths caused by meth in San Francisco in 2018, 19 percent were exclusively a result of meth only.
About 56 percent of these deaths also involved an opioid, 25 percent involved cocaine, and four percent involved benzodiazepines.
Before 2015 increases in meth-related overdoses were not driven by opioids. After 2015, these deaths were mainly the result of fentanyl.
Alcohol Abuse and Addiction
Alcohol was the second leading substance reported for substance use disorder (SUD) treatment admissions in 2018.
While alcohol-related deaths have declined in recent years, it was the most common substance resulting in hospitalizations and emergency room visits.
Drug and Alcohol Treatment and Rehab Types in San Francisco, California
There are plenty of drug and alcohol treatment types in San Francisco. Due to the large population in the area, there is a full range of addiction treatment services available to individuals looking for drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
Different types of drug and alcohol treatment can include:
- support groups
- detoxification services
- behavioral health counseling
- non-traditional holistic treatment types
- inpatient and outpatient treatment
- aftercare planning
Things to Consider When Choosing a Drug Rehab
A healthy recovery will likely include a combination of the above treatment types. However, there are some things to keep in mind when considering which program best suits you or your loved one’s needs.
Things to consider include:
- the severity of your condition
- if you are struggling with more than one substance
- If you have experienced a relapse
- how long the addiction has affected you
- If you are struggling with a co-occurring mental health disorder
These factors are vital because they will determine the best type of addiction treatment for that specific situation.
For example, individuals who have struggled with addiction for a long time, are addicted to more than one substance, or have experienced a relapse, will likely do better in an inpatient setting.
Inpatient Drug Rehabs and Treatment Options
Inpatient treatment is designed around the individual living at the rehab facility while attending treatment. This helps introduce patients to a new and supportive environment that revolves around addressing their addiction.
The difference between a mediocre treatment program and an excellent treatment program is how well it helps the individual address the root cause of their substance abuse.
Treatment programs that work to only “cure” someone of their addiction symptoms are generally not as long-lasting as programs that work to address the root cause of those addiction symptoms.
Outpatient Addiction Treatment
Outpatient treatment types may work well for people interested in continuing to work and live from home.
Outpatient treatment is designed around group and individual counseling sessions that work to address addiction on every level.
Finding the Right Substance Abuse Treatment Program near San Francisco, California
Individuals looking for drug and alcohol abuse treatment may consider traveling to attend the right treatment program. Roughly two hours from San Francisco, Elevate Addiction Services offers its Santa Cruz location.
At Elevate, we believe that treating addiction symptoms is not treatment but a temporary bandage to a more pressing problem. With a holistic approach to substance abuse treatment, individuals may participate in fitness training, yoga, mindfulness classes, and outdoor recreational activities.
We believe that addressing every aspect of an individual’s life is an integral part of the recovery process. Someone looking for an individually tailored program will address their physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual needs at Elevate.
To learn more about the treatment options available at Elevate Addiction Services, contact us today.
- Pleasant Hill Drug and Alcohol Rehab
- San Francisco Drug and Alcohol Rehab
- Sacramento Drug and Alcohol Rehab